PEC Exam Preparation: Food Pyramid

PEC Exam Preparation 

Seen Comprehension 

Food Pyramid

Unit-6, Eat Healthy

Read the text and answer the questions 1,2,3 and 4

What food is good food?

Sometimes the food we like to eat isn’t the healthiest food for us. The food pyramid helps us to understand the different food groups and it tells us how much of each food group we should eat.

Look at the picture of the food pyramid. We eat more of the foods at the bottom of the pyramid. What foods do you see at the bottom? These are things made from grain, from example, rice, ruti and bread. Potatoes are not grains, but they are similar. Grains give us energy.

Fruit and vegetables are in the next level of the pyramid. These are also important for us. They have vitamins. They help our eyes and our health.

On the next level, there are fish, meat, dairy products, beans and lentils. Meat, fish and chicken have protein, Beans and lentils do, too!

Dairy products are things like milk and eggs. They help our teeth and bones. Protein and dairy make us strong.

Fat and oil are at the top of the food pyramid. These make food delicious but our body does not need very much of them.

Sometimes we can’t get food from all the different food groups. But when we have choices about food we need to make good choices.

1. Match the words of the column A with their meaning that is mentioned in the text in the column B.
Column A Column B
(a)    Food i.                    a chart of different food groups.
(b)   Grain ii.                 capacity for doing work.
(c)   Food Pyramid iii.                eatables.
(d)   Important iv.                kernel of corn.
(e)   Energy v.                  strength.
vi.                 significant.
vii.              protein .


2. Write ‘True’ for correct statement or “False’ for incorrect statement.

(a) The food pyramid helps us to understand the different food groups.

(b) Potatoes are grains.

(c) Fruit and vegetables help our eyes and our health.

(d) Protein and dairy don’t make us strong.

(e) Dairy products are things like milk and eggs.

(f) Our bodies need a lot of fat and oil.

Extra Questions

(a) Potatoes are found at the top of the food pyramid.

(b) Eggs and oil are dairy products.

(c) Vegetables are useful for our eyes.

(d) Only protein makes us strong.

(e) Carbohydrate foods are found at the bottom of the pyramid.

(f) We should eat fatty food more and more.

3. Answer the following questions: 

(a) How does the food pyramid help us?

(b) Write the names of two food items which give us energy?

(c) What types of food have vitamins?

(d) Which foods have proteins?

(e) Why do we not take fat and oil very much?

(f) How does vitamin help us?

(4) Write a short composition about Food Pyramid. (Write at least five sentences to the topic. Remember to use capital letters, punctuation, correct spelling and sentence structure)



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